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¡Aprende inglés con el cuarto video de nuestra profesora Addie!

Esta semana volvemos a hablar sobre algunos verbos que suelen confundirse y cuándo y cómo usar cada uno para que no se les confunda más.

Hello, this is English explained with Addie, I am Addie. I am here to explain you English grammar and pronunciations tips and answer any of your English curios and get you well on your way becoming fluent in English. This video is the second in the series of commonly confused words and I am here to explain them and in the next video we can introduce some extra questions to just check that you understand the tool.

1. Matter vs. Mind

Matter– to be important or to affect what happens.

Example:

  • We were late but it didn’t seem to matter (Meaning that we were late but it didn’t effect anything or it wasn’t important);
  • Does it matter if I don’t finish my work? (Is it important? Does it affect what happens if I don’t finish my work?);
  • Does it matter if I leave early?

Mind – to be annoyed or worried by something (used in questions and negatives).

Example:

  • Do you mind if I leave? (Is it going to annoy or is it going to worry you if I leave?);
  • {+ object + ing verb} Do you mind me leaving?
  • {+ object + ing verb} Do you mind him running around? (If it is going to bother you?);
  • Do you think your flat mate would mind if I stay over?

And as an answer you can say: “No, I don’t mind!” or “Yes, I do” if you do mind.

2. Prevent vs. Avoid

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Prevent – to stop something from happening or someone from doing something.

Example:

  • Label your uniform to prevent confusion;
  • I hope to prevent her FROM coming (So you prevent someone usually FROM something/ doing something).

Avoid – to prevent something from happening or to not allow yourself to so something or to stay away from something.

Example (in case of preventing something from happening or to not allow yourself to so something):

  • In order to lose  weight I avoid eating cake (A don´t allow myself to eat cake);
  • I try to avoid driving on the weekends.

{Avoid + ing verb}

As you can see here usually we use Avoid with gerund.

Example (in case of staying away from something):

  • In order to lose weight, I avoid cake.
  • I try to avoid William, he is very annoying.

{Avoid + subject}

3. Realise vs. Notice

Realise – to understand a situation, sometimes suddenly.

Example:

  • They didn’t relies how close the park was to the house (Meaning up until now they haven’t understood that it was the short distance from the house to the park);
  • I have just realised that it’s my birthday next week (The moment occurred when I realized that its next week, in this case it’s a sudden example, and usually we use JUST).

Notice – to see or become conscious of something or someone.

Example:

  • I noticed that you have been arriving late for the past few weeks (So this person has observed or become conscious of it);
  • He noticed that she had changed her hair colour (In the moment when he became conscious of the fact that the hair colour had been changed);
  • She noticed that the man was watching her.
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Thank you for listening! I hope its helped!

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Hasta la próxima semana!